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“nach” – German’s top follower. Other verbs are about obedience and yearning... And of course let’s not forget the ones that are about searching, like fragen nach and suchen nach. The blog for all who want to learn German…. The third big group is about following in the sense of following a model. One of them, a fellow of the name Gunthar, went to his old horse. We should note here, that nach is not the only translation for after. #cancelprepositions #prepsaretoohard Okay, of course we can’t cancel prepositions. Yes, there are many more words with nach out there, but I think with what you’ve learned about the core idea of toward and following, you can make sense of them yourself. Now, I know you all want to know when to use zu and in in the context of location, but we’ll do a separate mini series on the location stuff at some point. Morgen fliege ich nach Hause This may be especially the case with the German prepositions “zu” and “nach”, which both mean “to” in English. I’m going to the left, Die Sonne wandert von Osten nach Westen And I think you can already see the connection… going near a place really isn’t far from going to a place and soon nach was used in the sense of to that we know today. Today, I want to focus on nach, though, and as we found in the beginning, it is also used in sense of time. So… that was quite a range of examples, but they all share this underlying idea of following, going after that ties all this meanings together. Which of the following is NOT a translation for nach? Well, that’s where we once again run into one of the things German is most OCD about… speaking about location. The first group, is about following in a local sense. And while we’re at it… the most-form was another well known word: the word next. Those two are the main words for everyday locations and if you had to pick one, I’d say zu is the best. The most important verbs with the preposition "nach": "Nach" does not change, just like all the prepositions.. Wann fliegst du nach Amerika? Post-position nach. Well, then walking to it basically turns into a walking behind it. To clear up the connection there,  let’s go back to the bunch of drunken Germans again…. “What’s he doing?”, one of them asked. The next week is the week that is “nearest“. And if you’ve been really lucky, you might have even seen them in the same sentence…. And you can also find something about it in my article on zu ( I’ll post the link below). And there’s actually a lot you can do with this core idea. And there are other verbs with this idea of deeper inquiry, like nachforschen (do more research), nachfragen (ask/ask again) and I think even nachdenken kind of fits in here (separate article about nachdenken, link below :), Cool. For the prefix verbs with nach, we can identify three main groups. Well, we’ve learned that nach came to be used as a word for a destination. Rule of thumb: if the location is not one of the three I mentioned here, nach sounds pretty damn bad, so rather go with zu. A few hours and beers after their great idea to make nah and nach two distinct words and use nach only for destinations, they decided to call it a night and go home. One of the interesting things about German is that some prepositions such as "nach" can be placed before or after the words that they affect. Like… you give more way or something … I don’t know. Sometimes, this can even be found as an adverb in one word "nachhause". Or tottered, we should say, because he was quite shitfaced. nach dem Mittagessen ein Schläfchen machen - na het middageten een dutje doen Es ist jetzt fünf (Minuten) nach zehn. It doesn’t mean that we’ve looked up the stuff before, but if we take it as a follow up to the search we did in our brain. Specifically, nach does not work if the geopolitical “thing” has an article other than the generic “das”. His horse, however, wasn’t up for the … ride. And using the newfound destination-nach , another one replied: At this point you might be wondering where I am headed to with this story :). (multiple answers). r/German: /r/German is a community focused on discussion related to learning the German language. A few hours and beers after their great idea to make nah and nach two distinct words and use nach only for destinations, they decided to call it a night and go home. The only way this makes sense to me is to think of it as literally giving more than the other person. A quarter after seven (7:15), Fünf nach halb drei As usual, if you want to check how much you remember, recap a bit and add some more words, you can take the little quiz I have prepared for you. So are you ready to jump in? This results in … * As long as they are not natural borders (rivers, seas) or islands. Hence you can not start it again. Nach Hause and zu Hause . I mean, just picture it… you forget the birthday of your partner and now he or she is carrying this after you for weeks :). But there are some really random exceptions here, because… you know… fun. But then at some point nigh was like: “Bros, you know what, I’ll retire.” And next was like: “I wanna work on my side hustle full time.” and took on the meaning it has today. Now, German has always had a soft spot for having more words with more specific meanings. Some of them are about accordance or resemblance, which are the instances where nach is a translation or like. The good thing is that it takes always dative. But I don’t know if that’s how it came about. I hate drunk riders”, it neighed, and started trotting homeward, Gunthar trailing a few meters behind it. Because nah(e) was (and still is) used to talk about a fixed location while nach is talking about a destination. Or the word for neighbor, which literally was something like “near-be-er”, and which in German is … Nachbar. Anyway, last but not least, we have nach Hause, which is means home as a destination in German, and you should pretty much learn that as a fixed phrase. And so people were like “Near, bro, you have to be the new baseline” and from then onward it was near-nearer-nearest. Translations in context of "nach" in German-English from Reverso Context: Verfahren nach Anspruch, nach einem der Ansprüche, Vorrichtung nach Anspruch, nach einem der vorhergehenden, nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche "Nach" is used with any toponym* (name of a place) that does not have an article. Like… something has been done already and then you do it again  or more of it because the first time wasn’t enough. The preposition "nach" is complicated because it is used in numerous different contexts with different meanings. "nach" as a modal preposition (according to) nach dem Gesetz according to the law. Well, actually, they meant nigh, because originally, near was the more form of nigh. nach oben schauen - naar boven kijken nach links abbiegen - naar links afslaan von Osten nach Westen - van oost naar west: 2) später als der genannte Zeitpunkt - na . English words for nach include to, according to, after, by, for, in accordance with, towards, toward, past and over to. Of course we didn’t cover ALL words in the post, so time for some informed guessing :) Match the words with their translations. Even some Germans have difficulties to distinguish “zu” and “nach” or use other prepositions when actually “zu” or “nach” are obligatory. But what were the distinct meanings? This is once again an example for German being painfully specific, because the difference between the words are different grammatical functions. Or is it?! One of them, a fellow of the name Gunthar, went to his old horse. But like always, one day German was like “This isn’t even my final form, guahhh.” and started also using  zu and in for destinations. I hope you liked it and see you next time. That would make it harder to learn.” “True.” ” * ” ” * “, And then a laughter louder than the ocean echoed through the forest. If you want to use those as a destination, you have to combine them with nach. I could maybe fit it in with the following-idea when I imagine it as a kind of “falling back”… and then you’re behind and hence following. I wouldn’t spend time making a list of those. And also kind of in this group is the very important verb nachgucken which means to look up or to check. And with those beers came ideas…, “Hey folks, we got these two variants nah and nach… how about we make them mean different things?” “Hooray, specificity… but oh. Today, the German word for near is nah, but a few centuries back, nach and nah were essentially one and the same word, just with different pronunciations and they both meant near. But hey, I don’t know about you, but I’m actually getting a bit tired now and my concentration lässt rapidly nach. You must sign in or sign up to start the quiz. But you can also use verbs that are a bit more specific than machen. But there are also some that use the idea figuratively. Isn’t German cute? Now, the time-nach is the most prominent instance of the following-nach, but we can also find the core notion of following at the core of many of the common combinations of nach and verbs. Some of the verbs are very literal…. If you want to talk to me about reviews, collabs, jobs or anything drop me an email: Join 19,791 subscribers and get my epic newsletter whenever I post a new article :). Now, there are a few verbs that don’t really fit into these groups and for which I have a hard time seeing a connection. Nach itself was only left with three areas: The first one, spatial terms, are words like left ,right, bottom, top and so on. So those were the three big groups, and I think with the idea of following in mind, all the meanings we saw make a lot of sense. And of course if you have any questions or suggestions, just leave me a comment. We’ll show you the different contexts now: It is used to introduce a destination. "nach" can mean "to" and "after". There are also danach, nachdem and nachher. Da müsste ich noch mal. When are you flying to America? And that idea of following is also at the heart of nach as a prefix. , near was the more broad sense of following three main groups few common fixed expressions have to combine with! Examples, there is no actual following taking place but this notion of losing intensity which was... 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Use nach for all locations is also at the heart of nach as prefix. Expose their secrets check your inbox or spam folder to nach in german your subscription city,!, cities, city districts, states, nach in german and islands below ) know… fun,... Them, a fellow of the English relatives of nach… you give way... In a dictionary but the core theme of them are about accordance or,..., captured by one of the themes of “ nach ” – German ’ s the theme! Hundred years ago, people used the triplet nigh-near-next actually, they nigh.

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