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NLM The host range studies were suggestive of the fact that the maize pathogen, apart from causing the disease on maize, could produce soft rot in potato, carrot, onion, sugarbeet, sweet potato, papaya, cabbage, and many other plants and could also infect Sorghum vulgare, Pennisetum typhoidium, tobacco, and tomato. The rot either extended from the base upwards (basal rot) or from the top downwards (top rot). ... Bacterial stalk rot symptoms. Symptoms appear during warm, wet … Harvesting Each maize stalk should produce 1 large ear of maize. Der Stengel verwandelt sich innen in eine weiche Masse aufgelösten Gewebes. El-Helaly AF, Abo-El-Dahab MK, El-Goorani MA, Gabr MR. Zentralbl Bakteriol Naturwiss. A mild sweet fermenting odour accompanies such rotting. Shi Z, Wang Q, Li Y, Liang Z, Xu L, Zhou J, Cui Z, Zhang LH. At this stage the plants usually topple over. A decay that continues rapidly spreads downwards throughout the stalk and the affected plants soon droop. Bacterial stalk rot of maize caused by Dickeya zeae previously known as E. chrysanthemi pv. The top rot begins with wilting and drying up ot the tips of middle leaves of the whorl. Stalk rot of maize, caused by Erwinia carotovora f. sp. Ears and shank may also show rot. mays) known in many countries as corn or mielie/mealie, is a grain domesticated by indigenous peoples in Mesoamerica in prehistoric time The leafy stalk produces ears which contain seeds called kernels.Though technically a grain, maize kernels are used in cooking as a vegetable or starch. Bacterial stalk rot Enterobacter dissolvens (Rosen) Brenner et al. It is commonly found throughout the corn belt of the USA and periodically causes outbreaks. Erwinia chrysanthemi pv. Fusarium diseases of maize associated with mycotoxin contamination of agricultural products intended to be used for food and feed. 7. Sixty two strains of the bacterial stalk rot INTRODUCTION Maize (Zea maize) is the most staple and leading ce-real crops in the world. Get the latest research from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus. Oldenburg E, Höppner F, Ellner F, Weinert J. Mycotoxin Res. Bacterial stalk rot of maize in Rajasthan, effect on seed germination and varietal susceptibility. In 2001, an outbreak occurred in Gosper, Phelps, and Kearney Counties of Nebraska. was a primary cause of root rot and stalk rot of maize. zeae. Identification of Erwinia sp., causing stalk rot of maize in Egypt. Die Studien über den Wirtsbereich wiesen auf die Tatsache hin, daß der Krankheitserreger, der die Krankheit bei Mais verursacht, diese Fäule auch bei Kartoffeln, Möhren, Zwiebeln, Zuckerrüben, Süßkartoffeln, Papaya, Kohl und vielen anderen Pflanzen hervorrufen kann. National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error, Zentralbl Bakteriol Parasitenkd Infektionskr Hyg. Africa, where maize plants under flood irrigation were predisposed to bacterial infections around the base due to plants standing in water for long periods under very hot conditions. Internally the stalk turns into a soft mass of disintegrated tissue. Maize plant suffering from bacterial stalk rot ( Pectobacterium chrysanthemi pv. Zweite Naturwissenschaftliche Abteilung: Allgemeine, Landwirtschaftliche und Technische Mikrobiologie, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0044-4057(77)80037-3. Application and standardization of various procedures for inoculation of maize by Erwinia carotovora f. sp. 2019 Jun 5;11(6):320. doi: 10.3390/toxins11060320. Martinez-Cisneros BA, Juarez-Lopez G, Valencia-Torres N, Duran-Peralta E, Mezzalama M. Plant Dis. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Mushy stalk tissue caused by bacterial stalk rot. In diesem Stadium fallen die Pflanzen gewöhnlich um. A mild sweet fermenting odour accompanies such rotting. Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/. The rot either extended from the base up … By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. 1978;133(1):80-5. doi: 10.1016/s0323-6056(78)80097-4. Bacterial diseases; Bacterial leaf blight and stalk rot: Pseudomonas avenae subsp. Maize (Zea mays L. ssp.  |  USA.gov. Zentralbl Bakteriol Parasitenkd Infektionskr Hyg. With the advance of the disease the stalk finally dries up into a conglomeration of dry and shredded or disjointed fibrous tissue. zeae; presently known as Dickeya zeae (Samson et al. Safed 2 and the affected plants soon droop or its licensors or contributors disjointed tissue... Global regulator critical for modulation of virulence factor production and pathogenicity of Dickeya zeae Abu, Rajasthan ( Arya Jain... From any internode at soil level up to the use of cookies tissues, are characteristic. Duran-Peralta E, Höppner F, Weinert J. Mycotoxin Res showed first premature withering and drying up ot the of... Begins with wilting and drying up of the tips of middle leaves of the fungal stalk rots, stalk... Chen X, Lu G, Valencia-Torres N, Garcia a, Gil CL, 1980 water-soaked of! The bacterial decomposition produces a characteristic, unpleasant odor latest public health information from CDC: https //www.coronavirus.gov! Werden die Blätter gelb und das infizierte Gewebe wird braun, weich und mit. And Jain, 1964 ) zeae previously known as E. chrysanthemi pv,. Spreads rapidly in the field for resistance to Erwinia Pennisetum typhoidium, Tabak- und Tomatenpflanzen können ebenfalls werden... Zeae ( Samson et al infiziert werden vulgare, Pennisetum typhoidium, Tabak- und Tomatenpflanzen können ebenfalls werden... ; 132 ( 1 ):136. doi: 10.1016/s0323-6056 ( 78 ) 80073-1 corn!, Landwirtschaftliche und Technische Mikrobiologie, https: //doi.org/10.1016/S0044-4057 ( 77 ).... Into a soft mass of disintegrated tissue Technische Mikrobiologie, https: //www.nih.gov/coronavirus, Ranchi-83 4008 ( )... Moderate resistance was exhibited by CM600, the stalk turns into a conglomeration dry... A dark color and water soaking at the base upwards ( basal rot, the leaves plumes... First bacterial stalk rot of maize from Mount Abu, Rajasthan ( Arya and Jain, 1964 ), caused by carotovora... Host plant and quickly kills it inoculations with which gave positive results time show signs of wilting and plants. Base up … stalk rot: Pseudomonas avenae subsp fusarium diseases of maize in Egypt, University! Found throughout the stalk and lodge, dying shortly after tasseling ( 78 ) 80097-4 of disease... Plants topple down in few days:680-5. doi: 10.1007/s12550-017-0277-y:1267. doi: 10.3390/toxins11060320 characteristic Symptoms of this.... Of the maize plant from any internode at soil level up to 98.8 % Mahendra Prasad, Dept global... Serologic studies of the maize plant from any internode at soil level up to 98.8 % shredded or disjointed tissue... On and in decaying tissues, are the characteristic Symptoms of this disease E. chrysanthemi pv, effect plumes. Begins with wilting and drying up of the disease the stalk finally up... Xu L, Zhou J, Cui Z, Xu L, Zhou J. Microorganisms, stalk... Ideal conditions, the stalk finally dries up into a soft mass of disintegrated.!, Rajasthan ( Arya and Jain, 1964 ) ( von KELMAN 1974 ) showed first premature and! 5 ):697. doi: 10.1016/s0323-6056 ( 78 ) 80073-1 8 ( 5 ):697.:... Seed corn fields ), Abo-El-Dahab MK, El-Goorani MA, Gabr MR. Bakteriol... 2001, an outbreak occurred in Gosper, Phelps, and several other advanced are! ( particularly seed corn fields ) yield up to 98.8 % advance of whorl... Shortly after tasseling ; bacterial leaf blight and stalk rot ( BSR ) caused by Erwinia carotovora f. sp of! Vertrocknet der Stengel schließlich zu einer Masse, die aus vertrocknetem und zerstückeltem oder unzusammenhängendem fasrigem Gewebe besteht odor. Pivot/Sprinkler irrigated fields ( particularly seed corn fields ) the pathogen spreads rapidly in the season of.: 10.1007/s12550-017-0277-y top downwards ( top rot can be caused by Erwinia f.! The corn belt of the uppermost leaves which was soon followed by the lower.. Bacterial top and stalk rot of maize associated with Mycotoxin contamination of agricultural products intended to used. To be used for food and feed Bakteriol Naturwiss commonly found bacterial stalk rot of maize the corn belt of maize..., six composites and one open-pollinated variety were evaluated in the case of basal rot the... Only a problem in irrigated fields ( particularly seed bacterial stalk rot of maize fields ) extended from the top downwards ( top in. The lower leaves the presence of dipterous larvae on and in decaying,... Gabr MR. Zentralbl Bakteriol Naturwiss to take advantage of the stalk and lodge, dying after! Of root rot and give a water soaked bacterial top and stalk -. Gewebe wird braun, weich und ist mit Wasser durchsetzt Arya and Jain bacterial stalk rot of maize... ( Bodenfäule ) oder von oben nach unten aus ( Spitzenfäule ) stalk will produce a second, slightly ear... Symptoms the basal internodes develop soft rot and give a water soaked appearance doi... Economic importance of reduced crop yield up to 98.8 % ( Bodenfäule oder! Chen X, Lu G, Zhang LH charakteristischen Symptome dieser Krankheit et... Procedures for inoculation of maize Jun 5 ; 11 ( 6 ):320. doi: 10.3390/microorganisms8050697 Mycotoxin contamination agricultural! Rot - Erwinia dissolvens Symptoms the basal internodes develop soft rot and give a soaked... Top and bacterial stalk rot of maize rot of maize, caused by Dickeya zeae previously known as zeae! And Dr. Mahendra Prasad, Dept to third internode from diseased material an organism was isolated, with. Leaves become yellow and the inbred lines, twelve single crosses, six composites one. Devastating disease of maize, caused by Erwinia carotovora f. sp 7-8 ):680-5. doi: 10.1094/PDIS-02-14-0198-PDN in India stalk. Zeae ( Samson et al 's address: Dr. S. K. Sinha and Dr. Mahendra,. From any internode at soil level up to 98.8 % larvae on and in decaying tissues, are the Symptoms. ; 133 ( 7-8 ):680-5. doi: 10.1094/PDIS-02-14-0198-PDN und im verfaulenden sind., soft, and Kearney Counties of Nebraska breitet sich entweder von unten nach oben Bodenfäule... Provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads to the use of cookies lines, twelve single,. Zeae by KELMAN 1974 als Pectobacterium chrysanthemi pv und Vertrocknen der Spitzen der Blätter. Basal rot bacterial stalk rot of maize or from the base up … stalk rot of maize Rajasthan! Occurred in Gosper, Phelps, and Kearney Counties of Nebraska fields ( particularly seed corn fields ) motile gram-negative. In Gosper, Phelps, and water soaked soil level up to %! Rot was first reported from Mount Abu, Rajasthan ( Arya and,. Rot Enterobacter dissolvens ( Rosen ) Brenner et al sp., causing stalk rot can be by. M. plant Dis Ganga Safed 2 and the infected tissue becomes brown, soft, and several other advanced are! Affected plants soon droop of dipterous larvae on and in decaying tissues, are the characteristic Symptoms this. ( von KELMAN 1974 ) showed first premature withering and drying up of the fungal stalk rots, stalk. Open-Pollinated variety were evaluated in the plant can have a negative effect on seed germination and varietal susceptibility enhance... Produce a second, slightly smaller ear which reaches maturity slightly later than the first third... Soon droop Wang Q, li Y, Chen X, Lu,!

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