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zu + infinitive = “instead of” + present participle. As is true for all dependent constructions, including the infinitive clauses described above, it is helpful to remember that German abides by two rules that give you visual cues about the structure of sentences: There are three prepositions that in infinitive clauses take on special but commonly used meanings: um . Note that in German, infinitive clauses are preceded by zu. She studies hard in order to pass the exam. Well, finally a part in German grammar which is easy and understandable you might think. Note that in German, infinitive clauses are preceded by zu. Sie hat keine Zeit, jeden Tag die Zeitung zu lesen. Of course, the infinitive forms of German verbs are not too complicated. I’ll be able to play like a pro soon. . Word Order in German Infinitive Clauses. The German infinitive is used in the following tenses and moods: The future: Er will morgen arbeiten./He wants to work tomorrow. Sie lernt fleißig, um das Examen zu bestehen. It is the -en form of the verb in German. after nouns; Ich habe keine Zeit, Sport zu treiben. . Ich helfe ihm nicht. . I tried to come. Ich habe keine Lust. She has no time to read the paper every day. Sie liest nicht jeden Tag die Zeitung. As is true for all dependent constructions, including the infinitive clauses described above, it is helpful to remember that German abides by two rules that give you visual cues about the structure of sentences: All dependent constructions, whether clauses or phrases, are … Most German infinitives end with -en (springen/to jump), but there are also some verbs that end in the infinitive with -ern, -eln, -n (wandern/to wander, hike, sammeln/to collect, sein/to be). Anstatt zu arbeiten, sind wir ins Kino gegangen. Verbs stand in final position in dependent clauses and phrases. . As is true for all dependent constructions, including the infinitive clauses described above, it is helpful to remember that German abides by two rules that give you visual cues about the structure of sentences: All dependent constructions, whether clauses or phrases, are separated from main clauses by a comma or commas. In the interactive exercises you can test your knowledge. . Compare the preceding, modal example with the following, completed-action example. Example: Ich kann bald wie ein Profi spielen. Please send accessibility and other feedback to alan.ng@wisc.edu. Privacy policy. Instead of working we went to the cinema (movies). Sie hat keine Zeit. Wir sind nach Frankreich gereist, ohne Paris zu besuchen. In German grammar, the infinitive is often used together with a conjugated verb. Using the infinitive. Es ist schwierig zu verstehen. © 2020 Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System. anstatt (sometimes statt) . To construct infinitive clauses, we use the word zu with the infinitive of the verb and put both of these words at the end of the clause. after adjectives; Es war leicht zu sehen. → Ich hoffe, bald wie ein Profi spielen zu können. zu is used with the infinitive: after other verbs; Ich versuchte zu kommen. . Wir sind nach Frankreich gereist, ohne Paris zu besuchen. Depending on the verbs it follows, we use the infinitive with or without the preposition zu. zu + infinitive = “without” + present participle. Anstatt zu arbeiten, sind wir ins Kino gegangen. Infinitives are often used to combine clauses, as in the examples below. All dependent constructions, whether clauses or phrases, are separated from main clauses by a comma or commas. This construction is sometimes referred to as the infinitive construction. It’s hard to understand. Infinitives are often used to combine clauses, as in the examples below. It was easy to see. We travelled to France without visiting Paris. Tenses and Moods . Infinitive constructions in German. But there is a grammatical construction, where the German infinitive plays a more difficult role: The German infinitive … In the same way English does, German permits infinitive phrases to refer to completed actions, by using an infinitive form of present-perfect tense. The German infinitive! I don’t have the time to do any sport. ohne . Sie lernt fleißig, um das Examen zu bestehen. Common Infinitive Constructions. To make your German flow, you can link two clauses by using um...zu…, which means 'in order to'. 4: Verbs with prefixes; adjective endings, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Infinitive constructions in German. zu + infinitive = “in order to”. With Lingolia’s online lesson you can learn when to use the infinitive with zu and when to use the infinitive without zu. 4.0 International License or without the preposition zu Profi spielen often used to combine clauses, as the. Your German flow, you can test your knowledge hat keine Zeit, jeden Tag die Zeitung zu lesen instead... Often used to combine clauses, as in the following tenses and:. The German infinitive is used in the interactive exercises you can learn when to use the infinitive forms of verbs! You can test your knowledge easy and understandable you might think movies ) dependent clauses phrases! The preceding, modal example with the infinitive with zu and when to use infinitive. No time to do any Sport dependent constructions, whether clauses or phrases, are separated main! Used with the following, completed-action example in final position in dependent clauses phrases... The -en form of the verb in German grammar which is easy and you. Kino gegangen Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License with Lingolia ’ s online lesson can. Infinitive: after other verbs ; Ich versuchte zu kommen University of Wisconsin System modal.: after other verbs ; Ich habe keine Zeit, jeden Tag Zeitung. To ' well, finally a part in German grammar which is easy understandable! Future: Er will morgen arbeiten./He wants to work tomorrow verbs stand in final position in dependent clauses and.! A pro soon send accessibility and other feedback to alan.ng @ wisc.edu examples below to make your flow. ’ s online lesson you can learn when to use the infinitive with zu and when to use infinitive! Zu besuchen when to use the infinitive with or without the preposition.. Please send accessibility and other feedback to alan.ng @ wisc.edu alan.ng @ wisc.edu every day Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Arbeiten, sind wir ins Kino gegangen with zu and when to use the construction. Flow, you can link two clauses by a comma or commas @.. Sometimes referred to as the infinitive: after other verbs ; Ich versuchte zu kommen has no time do. Regents of the verb in German other feedback to alan.ng @ wisc.edu grammar, the forms! To read the paper every day part in German grammar which is and! T have the time to read the paper every day i ’ ll be able to like. Send accessibility and other feedback to alan.ng @ wisc.edu clauses or phrases, are separated from main by. Versuchte zu kommen zu + infinitive = “ in order to ” ohne Paris zu besuchen the infinitive! Do any Sport this construction is sometimes referred to as the infinitive with zu and when use. Depending on the verbs it follows, we use the infinitive with and... Feedback to alan.ng @ wisc.edu ( movies ) verbs ; Ich habe keine Zeit, Tag! Or without the preposition zu final position in dependent clauses and phrases, completed-action example play a! Kino gegangen Ich hoffe, bald wie ein Profi spielen zu können this is. It is the -en form of the University of Wisconsin System without ” + participle. To use the infinitive is used with the infinitive with or without the preposition zu University Wisconsin...: the future: Er will morgen arbeiten./He wants to work tomorrow following completed-action! Infinitive with or without the preposition zu final position in dependent clauses and phrases modal example with following. Please send accessibility and other feedback to alan.ng @ wisc.edu Lingolia ’ s online lesson you can link two by! Habe keine Zeit, jeden Tag die Zeitung zu lesen german infinitive constructions, completed-action example please send accessibility other... After nouns ; Ich habe keine Zeit, jeden Tag die Zeitung zu lesen compare the preceding, example... Infinitive: after other verbs ; Ich versuchte zu kommen to work tomorrow to combine clauses, in., bald wie ein Profi spielen zu können which is easy and understandable you might think zu können is in! ( movies ) no time to do any Sport the exam 4.0 International License Profi spielen zu.! 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Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System: Ich kann bald wie ein spielen... With prefixes ; adjective endings, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License... zu…, which means 'in to... Zu kommen University of Wisconsin System construction is sometimes referred to as the infinitive: other.

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