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Rams are distinctly masculine and well-muscled; ewes strong and feminine. Individual animals may weigh a little more but I do not have sheep that weigh above 200 pounds when fully grown. Sheep are mainly farmed for their meat and wool but sheep are also occasionally farmed for their milk (although milking sheep is much rarer than milking goats or cows). Average birth weight of lambs born. Well-developed upper arm muscle in rams. The Katahdin breed is a wool-less, easy care, meat type sheep, naturally tolerant of climatic extremes and capable of high performance in a wide variety of environments. Experience Level: The Katahdin is a hair sheep breed that was developed at Piel Farm in Maine beginning in the 1950s. Virgin Islands hair sheep contributed the hair coat, as well as hardiness and prolificacy. Visit the post for more. Polled animals are preferred; horned and scurred individuals are recorded as such. For example, we consider time spent worming, shearing, docking and trimming hooves as merely maintaining an operation.If this same time is spent building homestead fencing, water systems, improving lambing or handling facilities, it’s improving an operation. Lower teeth meet the dental pad evenly. Head: Variety in facial characteristics is expected. Two teats on well-developed, well-balanced udder with good attachment in ewes. A well-managed and selected flock should produce a 200% lamb crop. They are efficient, bred for utility and for production in a variety of management systems. Organs free of obvious functional defect or disease. They demonstrate adaptability by performing well in areas varying in geography, temperature, and humidity, feed and forage resources, and management systems. Hidden Springs Katahdins has been in operation since 2002. The Katahdin is selected to be an efficient meat producing sheep adapted to a wide variety of environments. Slightly less width than hindquarters in females. Legs: Medium length and bone in proportion to size. Breed Facts General Appearance: A medium-sized sheep with a hair coat and an alert appearance; head erect and legs squarely placed. Shoulders: Blend smoothly into the neck and back; shoulder blades have good width between and are level with or slightly higher than the back. It is a special issue of the Katahdin Hairald magazine. In England in 2001, there was an outbreak of the foot and mouth virus meaning that thousands of sheep had to be slaughtered. In 2011, the breed association saw more than 6,500 new registrations and Katahdins graduated from The Livestock Conservancy's priority list in 2013. The covering of the Katahdin does not require shearing and is preferably completely free of permanent wooly fibers. ), Katahdin Hair Sheep International   |   PO Box 739, Fowlerville, MI 48836  |  Phone: (717) 335-8280, KHSI Meeting Minutes and Financial Reports. Abdomen: Large capacity for consuming forage and carrying lambs (bottom or side line should not necessarily be straight). Myth #2: Hair sheep don’t bring as much on the slaughter market. (Refer to the Animal Inspection section of the General Instructions for a description of coat types. Since the purchase of our first sheep, we’ve strived to develop a top-notch, quality Katahdin. Sound leg structure: properly angled at hock, front legs straight, strong pasterns, straight feet free of defect. This success story is an excellent illustration of the principle that breed resources are conserved so that they can be available when production goals and management systems change. They possess high potential for early puberty, fertility, and lamb survivability. This brings up a dilemma because the original hair sheep are naturally selected for hot, humid climates. Ewes and rams exhibit early puberty and generally have a long productive life. The breed was developed during in the second half of the 20th century by Michael Piel who, after reading an article in the February 1956 National Geographic, imported selected St. The sheep vary somewhat in the type and amount of fiber in their coats, though it is preferred that sheep be completely free of woolly fibers after shedding. Mature ewes usually have twins, occasionally producing triplets or quadruplets. The ewes will reach about 160 to 180 pounds when fully grown. Neck: Strong, of medium length: extends straight into the shoulder. In 1986, Katahdin Hair Sheep International (KHSI) was formed to register sheep, record performance information, and promote the breed. The sheep vary somewhat in the type and amount of fiber in their coats, though it is preferred that sheep be completely free of … A large sheep has higher maintenance than a medium sized sheep. During the 1970s, the Wiltshire Horn, a hair sheep from England, was also incorporated to a limited degree in order to increase size and improve carcass quality. Meat Special Notes. The Katahdin breed is a wool-less, easy care, meat type sheep, naturally tolerant of climatic extremes and capable of high performance in a wide variety of environments. The Katahdin was developed in Maine from Caribbean shedding hair sheep mixed with English wool breeds to combine shedding, prolificacy (multiple lambs in one birth), good mothering, parasite resistance, and low feed requirements. Polled-ness is preferred, but horns and scurs are acceptable. The Suffolk and other wooled breeds were used to improve size and carcass quality. Graduated 2013 Eyes are wide set, and ear carriage is horizontal. The Katahdin sheep are adaptable, hardy and low maintenance sheep that produce superior lamb crops and lean, meaty carcasses. Tail: Length is variable; preferably undocked, except for market lambs. Although it was developed in Maine, cold adaptation was not an intentional selection factor for this breed. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. For … The Royal White produces more meat than Katahdin sheep and Dorper sheep. Guide to Katahdin Hair Sheep for New Owners. We feel that our time must be used where it will improve our operation, rather than maintaining status quo. However, many sheep breeds in the US do get that heavy. Katahdins do well in that climate, but also tolerate cold climates, as do St. Croix and other hair sheep breeds once they have a chance to acclimate to it. Hair Coat: No discrimination is made as to color on any part of the body. The breed is taking advantage of the fundamental shift in the American sheep industry caused by the decline of the wool market. The coat can be any color or pattern. Katahdins demonstrate greater parasite resistance than commercial wooled breeds, and research is underway to document other performance characteristics. Katahdin sheep are medium in size, with ewes weighing 120–160 pounds and rams weighing 180–250 pounds. Ewes are easy lambers, and exhibit strong maternal instincts and good milking ability. The covering of the Katahdin does not require shearing and is preferably completely free of permanent wooly fibers. The Katahdin is increasing in numbers in North America and has also been exported to Central and South America. Represented by the symbol H. The ideal is a short, loose, light covering of hair and wool with wool predominating on fore quarter and … Katahdin sheep are medium in size, with ewes weighing 120–160 pounds and rams weighing 180–250 pounds. Use: We were involved in the meat goat industry for 10 years prior to discovering the Katahdin breed. As hair sheep, Katahdins shed without being sheared. Cover or fleece. Our farm produces outstanding lambs with superior genetics. A ram’s neck may be covered by a mane of hair. Special care should be taken to wean well before 4 mths of age as lambs could breed their mothers and sisters by then. Back: Strong, smooth, and broad; loin long, wide, deep and well-fleshed. Katahdin sheep and Dorper are bred as meat sheep breeds. Temperament: The Royal White breed is selected for their easy-care, low stress, parasite resistance, flock ability, high performance and height to weight proportional for better meat distribution. Scrotum, Udder: Two large, well-developed and balanced testicles in rams. Lambs grow and mature rapidly to an acceptable market weight range and produce relatively lean and well muscled carcasses with a very mild flavor. Status: While the winter coat provides enough protection for the sheep to thrive in cold climates, their short, hair coat allows them to tolerate the heat and humidity of warmer regions. Most of the sheep are polled, although horned animals sometimes occur in the breed. at Hunt Road Katahdin Farm is 9 -10 lbs. A calm temperament with a vigorous appearance is the ideal. A Katahdin ewe will average between 140-180 pounds, while Dorper ewes will average 160-200 pounds. A brand New Guide published January 25, 2016. Rowdy Mountain Farm owners Gerrit and Karen Voshel keep only the best for their breeding programAlmost a decade after moving from Colorado to rural Dallas County, outside Long Lane, Mo., Gerrit and Karen Voshel find themselves surrounded by Katahdin sheep on … The resulting breed was named for Maine’s Mt. Katahdins are a heavy-muscled, medium-sized breed. Mount Katahdin (/ k ə ˈ t ɑː d ɪ n / kə-TAH-din) is the highest mountain in the U.S. state of Maine at 5,269 feet (1,606 m). Yet, a large sheep cannot give you more lambs either. The coat can be any color or pattern. Katahdin sheep is a meat sheep breed. The Katahdin breed originated at the Piel Farm in north central Maine where Michael Piel was an innovator and amateur geneticist who enjoyed raising livestock. Katahdin Hair Sheep International | PO Box 739, Fowlerville, MI 48836 | Phone: (717) 335-8280 Dorper lambs have amazing growth rates when young. Adult Weight: The purpose of the breed is to efficiently produce meat. This guide was compiled by Katahdin Hair Sheep International’s Publications and Promotions committees. The Royal White sheep shed their wool naturally, it saves the cost of shearing. The purpose of the breed is to efficiently produce meat. Muscles of the thigh are thick, with obvious muscularity on the inner and outer thigh, carried down to the shank. Rump: Wide and well fleshed; rounded appearance; deep in twist. The coat shall preferably consist of hair rather than wooly fibers, though hair texture will vary. We both work off the farm; therefore time is a commodity in short supply. of Katahdin Hair Sheep Inter-national rings true: “The Breed Whose Time Has Come.” A Brief History and Description of the Katahdin Breed In recognition of the 30thAnniversary of Katahdin Hair Sheep International We celebrate Katahdin sheep and all of the producers, past and present, who have contributed to the growth and success of our breed. Chest: Wide and deep enough to provide ample room for good heart and lung capacity. The Katahdin is a breed of domestic sheep developed in Maine, United States and named after Mount Katahdin - the state’s highest peak. Katahdin Katahdin sheep are a breed of hair sheep developed in the United States. 120 – 250 lbs Katahdin. Some lines are pretty small and some are huge, plus our type of in-between ones. It is raised mainly for meat production. As hair sheep, Katahdins shed without being sheared. The goal was to produce a hardy meat sheep that did not require shearing. 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