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The breeding range of the American Wigeon extends from the Bering Sea to Hudson Bay and from the northern tundra to the southern prairies. This map depicts the range boundary, defined as the areas where the species is estimated to occur at a rate of 5% or more for at least one week within each season. Several males often court one female. Leave nest shortly after hatching, feed themselves. Photo: Howard Arndt/Audubon Photography Awards, Great Egret. National Audubon Society Breeding males have a green eye patch and a conspicuous white crown, earning them the nickname "baldpate." Audubon protects birds and the places they need, today and tomorrow. In migration and winter on coastal estuaries, fresh or salt marshes, inland lakes and ponds. As rising seas imperil its historic structures and famed waterfowl flocks, staff at the Audubon sanctuary are determined to defend the refuge by saving its wetlands. Occurrence. American Wigeon Mareca americana. Let us send you the latest in bird and conservation news. It will temporarily depart in the winter if the water freezes over. The same climate change-driven threats that put birds at risk will affect other wildlife and people, too. Illustration © David Allen Sibley. The best time to see American Wigeons in the Lower 48 is from August through April. It winters in a variety of coastal and freshwater wetlands the Pacific northwest, much of the southern United States and the midwestern states north to Nebraska, south through Mexico and the Caribbean to northern South … Overall, however, he is a rosy brown color, … The American Wigeon’s breeding range is centered in western Canada, with high breeding densities in the Canadian Prairies. Breeding males have prominent white blaze on forehead and broad green slash behind eye. Young capable of flight 45-63 days after hatching. 12 Fascinating Bird Behaviors From the 2018 Audubon Photography Awards. The National Audubon Society protects birds and the places they need, today and tomorrow, throughout the Americas using science, advocacy, education, and on-the-ground conservation. During these months check wetlands, ponds, and nearby agricultural fields and listen for their unique nasal whistle, which is often the first clue that they are around. American Wigeon Mareca americana Range map Data provided by eBird. While most dabbling ducks are denizens of the shallows, American Wigeon spend much of their time in flocks grazing on land. Successful females and juveniles don't move to molt; they stay in their breeding areas to grow new feathers. After major declines in the 1980s, resulting in part from prolonged periods of drought, habitat conditions improved in the 1990s, helping the species to recover and even expand eastward. Incubation is by female only, 23-24 days. Speak out against the Yazoo Backwater Pumps which would drain 200,000 acres of crucial bird habitat. Range. Visit your local Audubon center, join a chapter, or help save birds with your state program. This duck was once known as "Baldpate" because of its white crown. T he colorful male American wigeon (Mareca americana) has earned for himself the nickname of “Baldpate” with good cause.His gray cheeks and big green eye stripe contrast sharply with his white crown. Since about the 1930s the breeding range has expanded eastward somewhat in eastern Canada and the northeastern states. It nests in a variety of freshwater wetlands in Alaska, and in much of Canada and the western United States. In summer mainly on inland marshes, especially larger marshes, not often at small ponds. Range and Habitat of the American Wigeon. Paradoxically, they also spend more time than other marsh ducks on deep water, where they get much of their food by stealing it from other birds such as coots or diving ducks. Tends to begin nesting later in season than most dabblers. Nest (built by female) is shallow depression filled with grasses and weeds, lined with down. Our email newsletter shares the latest programs and initiatives. The shortness of the bill helps exert more force at the tip so they can pluck vegetation from fields and lawns with ease. Win­ter dis­tri­b­u­tion is con­cen­trated in the lower 48 states and all of Mex­ico, ex­clud­ing high el­e­va­tion Rocky Moun­tain and Ap­palachian areas. Habitat. Type in your search and hit Enter on desktop or hit Go on mobile device. Longer-tailed than Mallard with thinner, pale blue bill. Whitish. Also eats some insects and snails. Ducks, Geese, and Waterfowl(Order: Anseriformes, Family:Anatidae). Noisy groups congregate during fall and winter, plucking plants with their short gooselike bill from wetlands and fields or nibbling plants from the water's surface. The American wigeon is highly gregarious outside of the breeding season and will form large flocks. Eats aquatic plants such as pondweeds, sedges, wild celery, eelgrass, algae. Migrates in flocks, and may travel mostly by day. Very young ducklings eat many insects. Audubon's climate model projects a highly variable seasonal future for the American Wigeon. Choose a temperature scenario below to see which threats will affect this species as warming increases. It’s the least you can do. American Wigeons flush easily if disturbed, so watch from a distance to get the best looks. Young capable of flight 45-63 days after hatching. The American wigeon is readily found across Kansas, especially from September through May. The greatest numbers winter on the Pacific coast, but it is also found in the southern United States southward to northern South America. While most dabbling ducks are denizens of the shallows, American Wigeon spend much of their time in flocks grazing on land. Expert waterfowl hunting outfitter Jeff Colwell of Front Range Guide Service actually guides for this species and has several American Wigeon ponds that hold big numbers year after year. This range map was created by attributing sub-watershed polygons with information of a species' presence, origin, seasonal and reproductive use. This dataset represents a species known range extent for American Wigeon (Anas americana) within the conterminous United States (CONUS) based on 2001 ground conditions. Quiet lakes and wetlands come alive with the breezy whistle of the American Wigeon, a dabbling duck with pizzazz. Learn more about these drawings. This species is classified with the other wigeons in the dabbling duck genus Anas , which may be split, in which case wigeons could go into their old genus Mareca again. Versatile in foraging. Female remains with brood for much of their pre-flight stage. Spread the word. 8-11, sometimes 5-12. May winter on large deep lakes. This year was no exception. Audubon’s scientists have used 140 million bird observations and sophisticated climate models to project how climate change will affect this bird’s range in the future. The Amer­i­can wigeon has very large win­ter and breed­ing ranges that spread north to the tips of Alaska and Canada, and south through Mex­ico to the north­ern parts of South Amer­ica. Overwhelmed and Understaffed, Our National Wildlife Refuges Need Help. Young: Leave nest shortly after hatching, feed themselves. During hunting season, they tend to be even more wary and may shift to feeding in fields at night and larger, safer lakes and ponds with vegetative cover during the day. This duck was once known as "Baldpate" because of its white crown. Marshes, lakes, bays, fields. The rusty-headed Eurasian Wigeon turns up as a rarity in flocks of American Wigeons on occasion, but the American Wigeon also turns up in Europe in flocks of Eurasian Wigeon. In summer mainly on inland marshes, especially larger marshes, not often at small ponds. The conservation status of this bird is Least Concern. Male usually departs before eggs hatch. After breeding, successful males and unsuccessful females head north to large lakes where they spend around 35 flightless days growing new feathers before heading south. Females are brushed in warm browns with a gray-brown head and a smudge around the eye. Mostly plant material. The majority of the population breeds on wetlands in the Boreal Forest and subarctic river deltas of Canada and Alaska. From a distance the male's gleaming white forehead and white rump sides are sure to grab your attention. 44 Perfect Gifts for the Bird and Nature Lovers in Your Life, How the Evening Grosbeak Got Its Misleading Name. Only 35% of its summer range will remain stable while the remaining suitable climate for nesting will shift dramatically northward, and if the species can follow the rapid change is an open question. Quiet lakes and wetlands come alive with the breezy whistle of the American Wigeon, a dabbling duck with pizzazz. Marshes, lakes, bays, fields. Only 35% of its summer range will remain stable while the remaining suitable climate for nesting will shift dramatically northward, and if the species can follow the rapid change is an open question. Bald Eagle. Females are brushed in warm browns with a gray-brown head and a smudge around the eye. The oldest American Wigeon reported was at least 21 years and 4 months old. May winter on large deep lakes. American Wigeon by Suzanne Labbé | Macaulay Library. Female remains with brood for much of their pre-flight stage. Often steals food from diving ducks as they surface. Every year our photo competition attracts entries capturing rare and unusual moments from the avian world. While most dabbling ducks are denizens of the shallows, American Wigeon spend much of their time in flocks grazing on land. Legal Notices Privacy Policy Contact Us. The best time to see American Wigeons in the Lower 48 is from August through April. May feed by day or night. Nest site on dry land, sometimes on island, usually within 100' of water but sometimes up to 1/2 mile away; site concealed by tall vegetation. Learn more. Pair formation begins on wintering grounds; most older birds paired before spring migration. It will frequent just about any body of water, but it prefers those with both woods and an open place to forage. Key wintering areas here include the Centr… Text © Kenn Kaufman, adapted from Can This Critically Endangered Bird Survive Australia's New Climate Reality? In western U.S., southward migration seems to be gradual, with numbers in southern California not reaching peak until December or January. The American wigeon has a large winter range, extending along most of the Pacific Coast (from Alaska to southern Mexico), throughout the Gulf Coast states, and up the Atlantic Coast to New England (National Audubon Society 2019). Flocks often feed on land; feed in shallow water, taking items from surface or submerging head and neck; also associates with diving birds on deeper water, robbing them of their food when they come to the surface. Help power unparalleled conservation work for birds across the Americas, Stay informed on important news about birds and their habitats, Receive reduced or free admission across our network of centers and sanctuaries, Access a free guide of more than 800 species of North American birds, Discover the impacts of climate change on birds and their habitats, Learn more about the birds you love through audio clips, stunning photography, and in-depth text. Get Instant ID help for 650+ North American birds. The Cornell Lab will send you updates about birds, birding, and opportunities to help bird conservation. Vegetation from fields and lawns with ease in much of their pre-flight stage 's climate model projects a highly seasonal... Young grass shoots, and in much of their pre-flight stage salt marshes, not often at small.... Is con­cen­trated in the Lower 48 is from August through April Enter on or. Male 's gleaming white forehead and white rump sides are sure to grab attention. 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