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This tool allows managers to evaluate the tradeoffs between Atlantic menhaden harvest and predator abundance to set reference points that take into account menhaden’s role as a forage fish. Menhaden are flat and have soft flesh and a deeply forked tail. Juveniles sometimes overwinter in the Bay. The Chesapeake Bay Program is a unique regional partnership that has led and directed the restoration of the Chesapeake Bay since 1983. In February 2020, the Board accepted the results of the single-species and ecological reference point (ERP) assessments and peer review reports for management use. Atlantic menhaden, Brevoortia tyrannus, are small, nutrient-packed fish that are central to the Chesapeake Bay's food chain and support one of the largest commercial fisheries on the Atlantic coast.As a result of their environmental and economic importance, management of the menhaden fishery is a political flashpoint across the region. Atlantic striped bass was the focal species for the ERP definitions because it was the most sensitive predator fish species to Atlantic menhaden harvest in the model, so an ERP target and threshold that sustained striped bass would likely provide sufficient forage for other predators under current ecosystem conditions. NWACS-MICE is an ecosystem model that focuses on four key predator species (striped bass, bluefish, weakfish, and spiny dogfish) and three key prey species (Atlantic menhaden, Atlantic herring, and bay anchovy). Fax: (410) 267-5777, © 2020 Chesapeake Bay Program All Rights Reserved In the 1970s and 1980s, the menhaden population began to expand (primarily due to a series of above average year classes entering the fishery), and reduction landings rose to around 300,000-400,000 mt. The Amendment also prohibits the rollover of unused quota, maintains the 6,000 pounds trip limit for applicable gear types following the closure of a directed fishery, and sets aside 1% of the TAC for episodic events in the states of New York through Maine. Description. ERP threshold: The maximum F on Atlantic menhaden that keeps Atlantic striped bass at their biomass threshold when striped bass are fished at their F target. Juveniles spend most of their first year in estuaries, migrating to the ocean in late fall. Menhaden are very efficient filter feeders. Its large head, almost one third of its total body length, distinguishes it from other fish in the herring family, such as river herring. Atlantic menhaden are found in the North Atlantic coastal and estuarine waters from Nova Scotia south to northern Florida. A large crustacean parasite is often found in menhaden mouths. Amendment 3 established new commercial quota allocations to strike an improved balance between gear types and jurisdictions and to facilitate future growth in the fisheries. (Photo by Virginia Institute of Marine Science), Atlantic menhaden grow to be 14-18 inches long. Menhaden are so oily that they are nearly inedible for humans. Over the next decade, several reduction plants consolidated or closed, resulting in a significant reduction in fleet size and fishing capacity. In the 1960s, the Atlantic menhaden stock contracted geographically, and many of the reduction factories north of the Chesapeake Bay closed due to a scarcity of fish. The fishing mortality rate in 2017 was below both the ERP target and threshold, indicating that the stock was not experiencing overfishing. However, by 1989 all shore-side reduction plants in New England had closed, mainly because of odor abatement regulations. www.chesapeakebay.net. The reduction fishery grew with the advent of purse seines in the mid-1800s and reached peak landings in 1956 at 712,100 metric tons (mt). In August 2020, the Board approved the following ERPs for the management of Atlantic menhaden: ERP target: The maximum fishing mortality rate (F) on Atlantic menhaden that sustains Atlantic striped bass at their biomass target when striped bass are fished at their F target. Historically, the Atlantic menhaden fishery was one of the largest by volume in the United States. Get the latest updates on our work delivered to your inbox. | Website designed by TM Design Inc. | Powered by New North, Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission, Atlantic Coastal Fish Habitat Partnership, 2020 Preliminary Atlantic Menhaden Quota Allocations, Socioeconomic Analysis of the Atlantic Menhaden Commercial Bait and Reduction Fishery, 2015 Atlantic Menhaden Ageing Workshop Report, Kirby Rootes-Murdy, Senior FMP Coordinator, Amendment 3 to the Interstate Fishery Management Plan for Atlantic Menhaden (November 2017), Technical Addendum I: Episodic Events Set Aside Program (May 2013), Amendment 2 to the Interstate Fishery Management Plan for Atlantic Menhaden (December 2012), Amendment 1 to the Interstate Fishery Management Plan for Atlantic Menhaden (July 2001), Fishery Management Plan for Atlantic Menhaden - 1992 Revision (September 1992), Supplement to Atlantic Menhaden Fishery Management Plan (October 1986), Fishery Management Plan for Atlantic Menhaden (August 1981), Atlantic Menhaden Assessments Overview (Feb 2020), Atlantic Menhaden Single Species Benchmark Stock Assessment and Peer Review Report (Jan 2020), Atlantic Menhaden Ecological Reference Point Benchmark Assessment and Peer Review Report (Jan 2020), Atlantic Menhaden Stock Assessment Update (Aug 2017), Atlantic Menhaden Stock Assessment Update Overview (Aug 2017), SEDAR Stock Assessment Report for Atlantic Menhaden (Jan 2015), Atlantic Menhaden Stock Assessment Update (Jul 2012), Atlantic Menhaden Stock Assessment and Review Panel Reports (Mar 2011), A Spatial Ecosystem Model for Atlantic Coast Multispecies Fisheries Assessments of Menhaden and Bluefish (Jun 2005), Atlantic Menhaden Workshop Proceedings (Dec 2004), Atlantic Menhaden Stock Assessment Report for Peer Review (Feb 2004), Collection of Baseline Sociological Data to Describe the Atlantic Menhaden (Brevoortia tyrannus) Fishery (Feb 2004), Atlantic Menhaden Stock Assessment Report for Peer Review (Oct 2003), Terms of Reference and Advisory Report for the Atlantic Menhaden Peer Review (Oct 2003), Analysis on the Status of Atlantic Menhaden (Jan 2002), Status of the Atlantic Menhaden Stock and Fishery (Jan 2001), Atlantic Menhaden Stock Assessment Report for Peer Review (Feb 1999), Terms of Reference & Advisory Report for the Atlantic Menhaden Stock Assessment Report for Peer Review (Feb 1999), Terms of Reference & Advisory Report for the Atlantic Menhaden Stock Assessment Report for Peer Review (Feb 1999), Technical Committee Meeting Summaries & Reports, ASMFC Atlantic Menhaden Board Approves TAC for 2021-2022, ASMFC Atlantic Menhaden Board Adopts Ecological Reference Points, ASMFC Withdraws the Commonwealth of Virginia’s Atlantic Menhaden Noncompliance Finding, ASMFC Atlantic Menhaden Board Prepares to Move Forward with Menhaden Ecological Reference Points, Secretary of Commerce Finds Commonwealth of Virginia Out of Compliance with Atlantic Menhaden Amendment 3, ASMFC Finds the Commonwealth of Virginia Out of Compliance with Amendment 3 to the Interstate Fishery Management Plan for Atlantic Menhaden, Peer Reviews for Atlantic Menhaden Species-Specific and Ecological Reference Points Benchmark Assessments Scheduled for November 4-8, 2019, ASMFC Atlantic Menhaden Board Maintains TAC at 216,000 MT for 2020, ASMFC Indefinitely Postpones Action on VA Compliance with Atlantic Menhaden Amendment 3 Chesapeake Bay Reduction Fishery Cap, Atlantic Menhaden Benchmark Stock Assessment Workshops Scheduled for Early April 2019, Atlantic Menhaden Benchmark Stock Assessment Workshops Scheduled for October 9 - 12, in Arlington, VA, ASMFC to Notify the Commonwealth of Virginia of Potential Noncompliance Action, Data Workshops Scheduled for Atlantic Menhaden Single-Species & Ecological-Based Benchmark Stock Assessments, ASMFC Approves Amendment 3 to the Interstate Fishery Management Plan for Atlantic Menhaden: Atlantic Menhaden Board Sets TAC at 216,000 MT for 2018 and 2019, States Schedule Hearings on Atlantic Menhaden Draft Amendment 3: Florida Hearing Moved to October 10th, ASMFC Atlantic Menhaden Management Board to Meet November 13th & 14th to Consider Approval of Amendment 3 and Set 2018 Specifications, Atlantic Menhaden Stock Assessment Update Finds Resource Not Overfished and Overfishing Not Occurring, ASMFC Atlantic Menhaden Board Approves Draft Amendment 3 for Public Comment, ASMFC Releases Atlantic Menhaden Socioeconomic Report, States Schedule Hearings on Atlantic Menhaden Draft Amendment 3 Public Information Document, Atlantic Menhaden Draft Amendment 3 Public Information Document Released for Public Comment, ASMFC Atlantic Menhaden Board Sets 2017 TAC at 200,000 MT & Approves Draft Amendment 3 Public Information Document for Public Comment, ME, NJ, and VA Atlantic Menhaden Harvester and Dealer Survey Participants Sought for Socioeconomic Study, ASMFC Atlantic Menhaden Board Approves Addendum I, ASMFC Releases Atlantic Menhaden Draft Addendum I for Public Comment: States Schedule Hearings for late June/early July, ASMFC Atlantic Menhaden Board Approves Draft Addendum I for Public Comment: Episodic Event Set Aside Program also Extended and Revised to Include New York, ASMFC Initiates Socioeconomic Study on Atlantic Menhaden Commercial Fisheries, ASMFC Seeks Proposals for a Socioeconomic Study on Atlantic Menhaden Commercial Fisheries, ASMFC Schedules Atlantic Menhaden Ecosystem Management Objectives Workshop for August 31-September 1, ASMFC Atlantic Menhaden Board Sets 2015 and 2016 TAC at 187,880 MT & Initiates Amendment to Establish Ecological Reference Points, Atlantic Menhaden Benchmark Assessment Finds Resource Not Overfished and Overfishing Not Occurring, ASMFC Schedules Second Atlantic Menhaden Stock Assessment Workshop for August 12-15, 2014 in Beaufort, NC, First Year of Atlantic Menhaden Amendment 2 Implementation Yields Positive Results, ASMFC Schedules Atlantic Menhaden Stock Assessment Workshop for June 2 -5, 2014 in Beaufort, NC, ASMFC Schedules Atlantic Menhaden Stock Assessment Data Workshop for January 13-16, 2014 in St. Petersburg, FL, ASMFC Begins Preparations for Atlantic Menhaden. 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