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The following was transcribed from The Red Cross of the Geneva Convention. Clara Barton was a celebrity in her own time. An appeal for disaster relief after a flooding event occurred in 1882, signed by Clara Barton and her committee, including Frederick Douglass. This picture of the clipping is assumed to be taken in the time of the Spanish American War. Barton had been introduced to the Red Cross when she went to Europe to help out in the Franco-Prussian War. Portrait of Clara Barton, 1860s or 1870s. When construction began in 1891 on a Red Cross supplies warehouse near our nation’s capital, she thought of using the surplus lumber from relief work at Johnstown, Pennsylvania. How old was she when she founded the American Red Cross? Her legacy to the nation—service to humanity—is reflected in the services provided daily by the employees and volunteers of the American Red Cross. After the War. When the Civil War ended, Clara Barton went to Georgia to identify the Union soldiers … Johnstown, Pennsylvania Flood Shelter, 1889. Clara Barton was working in the U.S. Patent Office in Washington, DC when the Civil War began. The caption reads: “Miss Clara Barton - With Whose Name the Work of the Red Cross of America Will Always Be Associated. When the dam finally broke on May 31,1889 after a night of heavy rains, a staggering wall of twenty million tons of water rushed toward the town and consumed everything in its path. By the force of her personal example, she opened paths to the new field of volunteer service. Clara Barton Military Pass from Surgeon General, 1862. Donations of food, clothing, and building materials poured in from around the nation, including a large stock of lumber from Iowa. Today the National Park Service administers the five-story structure on Oxford Drive in Glen Echo, Maryland as the Clara Barton National Historic Site, open to visitors every day of the year except December 25 -- her birthday. Like many women, she helped collect bandages and other much-needed supplies, but she soon realized that she could best support the troops by going in person to the battlefields. Take a class and be ready to respond if an emergency strikes. She was one of the first women to work for the federal government. /content/redcross/en/about-us/who-we-are/history/clara-barton, Learn About the Remarkable Woman Who Led the American Red Cross for Our First 23 Years. Clara formed the American Red Cross in 1881. Invitation to The First Red Cross Meeting, 1881. She was impressed and finally got her own version in 1881. …social reformer and nursing pioneer Clara Barton founded the American Red Cross to provide assistance for Americans suffering from disasters or serving on the battlefield. The office responded to 63,183 letters from families and located 22,000 men, Barton closed the Office of Missing Soldiers in 1869. Newspaper Clipping of Clara Barton, Circa Spanish American War. After her countrywide tour she was both mentally and physically exhausted and under doctor's orders to go somewhere that would take her far from her current work. In 1893, Sea Islands, SC was struck by a major hurricane leaving 30,000 mostly African Americans homeless. The following year she founded the National First Aid Society, to support community aid programs. Clara Barton died on April 12, 1912, at her home in Glen Echo, Maryland. Miss Clarissa H. Barton, Instructor & Teacher, Clara Barton Learns About the International Red Cross. The American Red Cross was founded in 1881, after Clara Barton learned of the international movement while visiting Geneva, Switzerland in 1869. By 1854, Barton moved to Washington DC securing a job as a Recording Clerk at the U.S. Patent Office. She was 59 years old. After learning firsthand how the group functioned, Clara realized the Red Cross could provide essential civilian disaster relief as well as wartime aid. Barton risked her life to bring supplies and support to soldiers in the field during the Civil War. What kinds of services do they provide? Clara Barton Homestead in North Oxford, Massachusetts. Under her leadership the Red Cross assisted with relief efforts following natural and manmade disasters, including forest fires, earthquakes, and epidemics. In 1902, Clara Barton led the U.S. Delegation to the 7th International Conference of the Red Cross in St. Petersburg, Russia. On May 31, 1889, Johnstown, PA was flooded by a wall of water from the dam break on the Conemaugh River. With fields inundated by saltwater and crops and homes destroyed, the Red Cross provided food, shelter, medical care, seeds and supplies to the storm victims. Sea Island, South Carolina Hurricane Relief, 1894. Clarissa Harlowe Barton, known as Clara, is one of the most honored women in American history. Her intense devotion to serving others resulted in enough achievements to fill several ordinary lifetimes. Clarissa Harlowe Barton was born on December 25, 1821 … She lived out the rest of her life at her Glenn Echo, MD home and died there on April 12, 1912, at the age of 90. Clara Barton was born in Massachusetts, on December 25, 1821. Test your knowledge: How did Clara Barton's experiences during the Civil War convince her that America needed a Red Cross society? Her understanding of the ways she could provide help to people in distress guided her throughout her life. Once the hotels were no longer needed, Clara had the buildings disassembled and the materials shipped to her home in Washington, DC for storage. During this time she met Susan B. Anthony and began an association with the woman's suffrage movement. After eight long years, Clara accomplished her greatest feat, founding the American National Red Cross in 1881. Subsequently, Barton read A Memory of Solferino, a book written by Henry Dunant, founder of the global Red Cross network. After resigning from the presidency of the American Red Cross in 1904, Clara remained at her unique five-story home with various friends and supporters. Over 2,000 people died and hundreds were missing. Clara and her four older siblings were raised on a small farm by their parents Sarah Stone and Stephen Barton. 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