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Ref: 2002 Applied Photographic Optics: Lenses and Optical Systems by Sidney R. Ray (Oxford, UK: Focal Press), p. 104. Therefore, it is logical that our story should begin with Eugène Kalt, MD. English Franciscan Friar Roger Bacon wrote about the scientific principles of corrective lenses in 1266, but there's no evidence he applied that knowledge to creating eyeglasses. Knowing the basic differences can aid you when you’re looking around to buy glasses. April 29, 2009. Every coin has two sides. Retrieved from Glasseshistory.com: http://www.glasseshistory.com/glasses-inventor/who-invented-sunglasses/, Timeline of Eyeglasses (2010, April). Antonie Philips van Leeuwenhoek (24 October 1632 - August 26, 1723) was a Dutch national, trader and scientist. There are numerous versions of who invented eyeglasses and/or where they were originated. (source: en.wikipedia), Replica microscope Antony van Leeuwenhoek, The Infusoria (protists in modern zoological classification), in 1674, The Bacteria, (e.g. Digital lenses have telephoto capabilities at lightning fast speeds, often with hefty price tags attached to them. Some believe the Egyptians and Assyrians were the initial inventors of optical lens styles, as they were depicted to have made use of magnifying stones to enlarge text and print. The Museum of Vision notes that early eyeglasses were mostly worn by monks and scholars. Greek accounts of the optical properties of water filled spheres (5th century BC) followed by many centuries of writings on optics, including Ptolemy (2nd century) in his Optics, who wrote about the properties of light including reflection, refraction, … Lenses either have a fixed focal length or a variable focal length . Antony worked as treasurer for Delft 's sheriff' assembly hall in 1660, a position that lasted for nearly 40 years. As times change, the photographic lens has demonstrated an amazing resiliency to adapt to and evolve with them. Today's eyeglasses and sunglasses boast an impressive array of protective features their progenitors couldn't have imagined. Light microscopes that were produced in the closing quarter of the 19th century reached the effective limits of optical microscopy. Franklin is credited for inventing bifocals in the mid-1700s. He died at the age of 90, on August 26, 1723 and was buried four days later at Oude Kerk (Delft). Even when ill, Leeuwenhoek continued to send a full observation letter to London. In 1878 a modern achromatic compound microscope was produced from the design of the German physicist Ernst Abbe. When you ask historians who invented the first corneal contact lenses, the usual answers are Eugène Kalt, MD (1800s), and Kevin Tuohy (1940s). Bausch & Lomb created a sunglasses-specific company called Ray-Ban (short for banning sun rays), which in turn created aviator-style sunglasses made for WWII pilots. In 1888, Kalt was a young ophthalmologist and Chief Clinical Assistant at the Department of Ophthalmology, Hôtel-Dieu … He also created at least 25 microscopes, of a different kind, of which only nine survived. W. Contact lenses are usually supposed to be a modern optical device. It would thus come as a surprise to learn that the first mention of contact lenses … Each lens is best suited to a certain type of photography. The most common type of microscope—and the first to be invented—is the optical microscope. It can be seen in room 55 of the British Museum, in case 9 of the Lower Mesopotamian Gallery. The British optician Edward Scarlett in 1727 invented the eyeglasses frame of modern style by putting arms on eyeglasses. Grinding glass to use for spectacles and magnifying glasses was commonplace during the 13th century. 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