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Iris seeds are good-sized -- from 1/8 inch to 1/4 inch -- and easy to handle. There is a pleasantly surprising amount of seeds in each pod. Iris seed propagation takes a little longer, but it’s an effective, inexpensive way to get more iris flowers in your garden. In late October or early November, bring out the seeds. If these pods do contain seeds, when is the best time to plant them? The process to gather and seed out irises from these pods is relaxing. You can also gather any seeds that have fallen to the ground. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. When the pods are dry and brown, they split open and the seeds are probably ripe. Remove the seeds from your harvested seed pods and store them in a cool, dark place until you are ready to plant them. If you’ve decided that iris seed propagation is the way to go, you’ll need to start picking and planting iris seeds. Each year my little patch of iris's produces about 30 blooms and 4 to 6 pods. Hold a paper bag under the stem, then snip off the iris seed pods one by one, so that they drop into the bag. Be careful-they look like grass at the seedling stage until they develop the distinctive, flat fan arrangement of leaves that are typical of the iris … When you propagate from rhizomes, you are perpetuating exact copies of the parent plant, but seeds come from two parents, creating greater variety within the iris bed. The first step is harvesting seeds from iris plants. If the flowers have been pollinated, they will produce seed pods. The swollen seed pod below the faded flower contains several seed. Her writing and editing career spans 23 years, and she specializes in border and environmental affairs. In the spring, about half of the seeds should have sprouted. We’ll give you tips on how to plant iris seeds in your garden. Harvesting seeds from iris plants isn’t difficult, but the trick is not to lose the hard, brown seeds. The time of year they do this is dependent on where you live, but it usually occurs in early to midsummer. Q: What are the pods on a bearded iris for? The pods start out small and green but expand quickly during summer months. https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/.../iris/harvesting-seeds-from-iris.htm Dividing and Moving Iris - How To Transplant Iris, Iris Rhizomes Storage - How To Keep Iris Over The Winter, Why Irises Won’t Bloom: What To Do For Iris Plants Not Flowering, Prickly Kale Leaves – Does Kale Have Thorns, Corn Husk Wreath Ideas: How To Make A Corn Husk Wreath, DIY Air Plant Wreaths: Wreath Making With Air Plants, Tuberose Bulb Planting: How And When To Plant Tuberose, Potted Bulb Gardens: Growing Flowering Bulbs Indoors, Tuber Rot Diseases: Different Types Of Tuber Rot Problems, Sclerotium On Alliums – How To Manage Allium White Rot Symptoms, Thanksgiving Tradition: Turning Homegrown Pumpkins Into Pie, Growing Thanksgiving Dinner – Must Have Turkey Side Dishes, Interesting Uses For Pecans: What To Do With Pecans, The Bountiful Garden: Bringing The Garden To Thanksgiving. Collect as many pods as are ripe; leave those that aren't fully dry and starting to split open for another day. Cut the stem the pod is attached to while holding a bag under the pod, so the pod drops into the bag. This type of non-sexual propagation will produce an exact duplicate of the iris from which you cut a piece of rhizome. beds is almost sure to produce interesting results since most cultivars do not necessarily remain true to the parent plant when they reproduce. It takes a little longer to get blooms, however, and they don’t necessarily look like the mother plant. Collecting seeds from your own iris (Iris spp.) Scan the ground for any that already fell from their pods. Billie Jo Jannen is a politics and lifestyle columnist in rural San Diego County and a senior copy editor for Demand Media. Picking and planting iris seeds can be done a few months apart, but it is also possible to store the seeds for years if you prefer. Do they have seeds? Empty your bag onto a piece of newspaper or into a shallow bowl to scrape out the seeds and remove pods and other detritus. Select a bed with well-drained soil in full sun. Plant the seeds in autumn after the summer heat has cooled. Iris seeds are good-sized -- from 1/8 inch to 1/4 inch -- and easy to handle. 15. Sign up for our newsletter. The flowers of the iris ripen into plump, tan to brown pods that are 1 to 2 inches long. Pollen from one plant fertilizes a female flower from another. Observe iris flowers as the blossoms begin to die off. Plant the seeds about ½” to ¾” deep and a few inches apart, and mark the area. Seeds that are brown or tan and have a hard exterior are ready to harvest. When you grow an iris (or any other plant) from its root structure, you are cloning the parent plant. Over the course of the summer, the pods dry and turn brown. Jannen's eclectic education includes engineering and horticulture, and she represents the Rural Economic Action League in regional economic development planning. The unusual "Welsh Gladwyn," is usually grown not for its pale mauve flowers, but for the bright orange seeds which burst forth from the seed-pods in autumn, but do not fall (as shown in picture). With iris seed propagation, it takes two plants to make the new one. Can iris be grown from seed? Watch your garden plants as they bloom. The seed pods are not difficult to open, but a sharp knife and a chopping board will make the process quicker and cleaner. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. There are 6 lines, from end to end, that divide the pod into 6 sections. Press each seed about ¾ inch (2 cm.) Mark the area well and watch for the baby irises to grow in spring. Cultivate the soil and remove all weeds in the bed where you will plant the irises. These are sure to be fully ripe and are just as viable as the ones still on the plant. Now let nature take its course. Label an envelope with flower name and date collected and place your seeds inside. You are probably used to planting iris from rhizomes, but it’s also possible to grow the popular flowers from seed pods. The resulting iris seed pods can produce plants with flowers that look like either parent or any combination of the two. Interstellar Gardens: The Nature of Iris Seed Germination, Canadian Iris Society: Germinating Iris Seeds. When they begin to split open, the seeds are usually ripe. If you are interested in picking and planting iris seeds, keep reading. This is an excellent job to do in the garden to expand your iris bed. Store the envelope in a cool, dry place to keep the seeds from germinating too soon and to let them finish drying. Anyone accustomed to planting iris rhizomes may be surprised to hear that iris can be propagated from seed just as easily. apart. 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