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Leading exporters of fresh mangos are: the Philippines, shipping to Hong Kong, Singapore and Japan; Thailand, shipping to Singapore and Malaysia; Mexico, shipping mostly ‘Haden’ to the United States, 2,204 tons (2,000 MT), annually, also to Japan and Paris; India, shipping mainly ‘Alphonso’ and ‘Bombay’ to Europe, Malaya, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait; Indonesia, shipping to Hong Kong and Singapore; and South Africa shipping (60% ‘Haden’ and ‘Kent’) by air to Europe and London in mid-winter. The Reasoner Brothers Nursery, on the west coast, imported many mango varieties and was largely responsible for the ultimate establishment of the mango in that area, together with a Mr. J.W. No Indian visitor has recognized it as matching any Indian variety. Another unsuccessful importation of inarched trees from Calcutta was made in 1888. The mango does not require any particular soil, but the finer varieties yield good crops only where there is a well-marked dry season to stimulate fruit production. Following India in volume of exports are Thailand, 774,365 tons (702,500 MT), Pakistan and Bangladesh, followed by Brazil. But with the expanding population, increased land values and cost and shortage of agricultural labor after World War II, a number of large groves were subdivided into real estate developments given names such as “Mango Heights” and “Mango Terrace”. 11’ from Cuba was planted in Bradenton. Productivity evaluations started in 1965 and continued to 1972. In 1872, a seedling of ‘No. This is an excellent article on my favorite fruit, provided by one of the nicest mango sales outlet on PI!! The first International Symposium on Mango and Mango Culture, of the International Society for Horticultural Science, was held in New Delhi, India, in 1969 with a view to assembling a collection of germplasm from around the world and encouraging cooperative research on rootstocks and bearing behavior, hybridization, disease, storage and transport problems, and other areas of study. Tanzania is 7th, the Dominican Republic, 8th and Colombia, 9th. In Brazil, most mangos are produced in the state of Minas, Gerais where the crop amounts to 243,018 tons (22,000 MT) annually on 24,710 acres (10,000 ha). Mango preserves go to the same countries receiving the fresh fruit and also to Hong Kong, Iraq, Canada and the United States. Native to southern Asia, especially eastern India, Burma, and the Andaman Islands, the mango has been cultivated, praised and even revered in its homeland since Ancient times. Mango culture in the Sudan occupies about 24,710 acres (10,000 ha) producing a total of 66,138 tons (60,000 MT) per year. Its form is oval, round, heart-shaped, kidney-shaped, or long and slender. Inarching, or approach grafting (in which a scion and stock of independently rooted plants are grafted and the scion later severed from its original stock), is widely practiced in tropical Asia but is tedious and relatively expensive. Premium Membership is now 50% off! Buddhist monks are believed to have taken the mango on voyages to Malaya and eastern Asia in the 4th and 5th Centuries B.C. From these, two trees grew to large size and one was still fruiting in 1910 and is believed to have been the parent of the ‘No. My opinion only! The flowers—small, pinkish, and fragrant—are borne in large terminal panicles (loose clusters). The simple leaves are lanceolate, up to 30 cm (12 inches) long. Supplies also come in from India and Taiwan. The earliest record of the mango in Hawaii is the introduction of several small plants from Manila in 1824. However, the fruit produced did not correspond to ‘Mulgoa’ descriptions. Improved mangos developed in Florida have been of great value in upgrading the mango industry in tropical America and elsewhere. Meetings were held annually, whenever possible, for the exhibiting and judging of promising seedlings, and exchanging and publication of descriptions and cultural information. At any rate, it continued to be known as ‘Mulgoba’, and it fostered many off-spring along the southeastern coast of the State and in Cuba and Puerto Rico, though it proved to be very susceptible to the disease, anthracnose, in this climate. Sao Paulo raises about 63,382 tons (57,500 MT) per year on 9,884 acres (4,000 ha). Save 50% off a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. • It is one of the ancient fruits of India. For more than a quarter of a century, he was a leader in the introduction and propagation of outstanding mangos from India and the East Indies, had them planted at the school and at the Lancetilla Experiment Station at Tela, Honduras, and distributed around tropical America. Some varieties are vividly coloured with shades of red and yellow, while others are dull green. Dr. Wilson Popenoe, one of the early Plant Explorers of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, became Director of the Escuela Agricola Panamericana, Tegucigalpa, Honduras. The mango supply chain is made up of thousands of hard-working individuals from hundreds of companies – here in the United States and abroad. Mexico ranks 5th with about 100,800 acres (42,000 ha) and an annual yield of approximately 640,000 tons (580,000 MT). In rainy areas a fungal disease known as anthracnose destroys flowers and young fruits and is difficult to control. Over the years, selections have been made for commercial production and culture has extended to subtropical Western Australia. Akbar, it may be remembered, was the Mughal emperor who planted the Lakh Bagh at Darbhanga, and in other ways stimulated the cultivation of fruit-trees throughout northern India. Today, mango production in Florida, on approximately 1,700 acres (688 ha), is about 8,818 tons (8,000 MT) annually in “good” years, and valued at $3 million. Selection, naming and propagation of new varieties by government agencies and individual growers has been going on ever since. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/mango-plant-and-fruit, National Center for Biotechnology Information - PubMed Central - Mangifera Indica (Mango), mango - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), mango - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). After becoming established in Brazil, the mango was carried to the West Indies, being first planted in Barbados about 1742 and later in the Dominican Republic. In this study, distribution and occurrence of mango anthracnose in three potential mango producing districts and one urban area in Jimma region, SW Ethiopia were assessed. The mango tree is considered indigenous to southern Asia, especially Myanmar and Assam state of … To 1972 cultivars by the University of Puerto Rico since about 1750 but mostly of quality. India by a Captain Haden in Miami and, early in the Kingdom... 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