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When present, a “shepherd’s crook” at the end of the tail accentuates the plume. Some cancers occur in the breed, as well as bloat, a life-threatening condition where the stomach suddenly distends and sometimes twists. The Pyrenean Mountain Dog earned a special place in Australia's history as our first resident Livestock Guardian Dog. Neck – Strongly muscled and of medium length, with minimal dewlap. With this level of exercise and occasional access to a garden, most are content to spend the rest of their time quietly lazing around the home. However, it must be well socialised to prevent aggression toward strangers, as this imposing animal may make it impossible for anyone, including the postman, to visit unless it learns to accept certain humans outside its family pack. They will shed this undercoat with great enthusiasm—“leading to a snowstorm,” one owner says. These colours often change in intensity as the dog ages. Diagnosis of epilepsy is based on ruling out other potential causes for these episodes, and treatment may be required for dogs experiencing severe or frequent bouts of seizures. However, even as recently as the mid-nineteenth century, at least two distinct Pyrenean strains existed, with coarser, larger dogs associated with the Western Pyrenees, and a more sleek and slender type in the East. The Great Pyrenees Club of America has stressed having all dogs tested for a variety of conditions that can affect the breed, including elbow and hip dysplasia, eye disorders, luxating patellas, and neurological and immune-mediated disorders. Founded in 1884, the AKC is the recognized and trusted expert in breed, health, and training information for dogs. Another clotting disorder (see Factor VIII deficiency) seen in the breed, caused by poor platelet function. The breed is susceptible to bloat, or gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV), where the stomach distends and twists. White is the predominant coat colour, although small patches of grey, lemon, orange or tan are permissible, mainly around the face and tail. This is a sex-linked hereditary clotting disorder, which is often called Haemophilia A. Though fearless in the face of danger, they are sensitive dogs, and may become sulky and withdrawn if criticised too harshly or frequently. Body – The chest is moderately broad. The hair on the face and ears is shorter and of finer texture. AKC Marketplace is the only site to exclusively list 100% AKC puppies from AKC-Registered litters and the breeders who have cared for and raised these puppies are required to follow rules and regulations established by the AKC. Though the incidence of several of these conditions is decreasing, there are some health concerns to note in the breed. Despite its size, the Pyrenean Mountain Dog retains the athletic proportions of a smaller working dog, carrying less bulk in the head and torso, and with longer, more rangy legs than most other giant breeds. The Great Pyrenees is also known as the Pyrenean Mountain Dog. It can result in significant pain and usually requires a combination of steroid, antibiotic, and mineral supplements for optimal management. The shoulders are set high, and the long limbs are strongly boned and quite upright. However, stubbornness is a characteristic of the breed, and most Pyreneans have their own strong opinions about how they should behave. Thighs – Strongly muscular upper thighs extend from the pelvis at right angles. With a healthy amount of socialisation and instruction, this instinct is an admirable and useful trait in the breed, but it is essential it does not go unbridled, for it is likely to evolve into aggression in individuals allowed to behave as they wish. While Roman accounts of a large sheep herding dog native to the Pyrenean Mountain range that divides France and Spain can be traced back over 2000 years, it was not until the sixteenth century that a description somewhat resembling the Pyrenean we know today emerged. The abdomen is tucked, though again this feature is more pronounced in males. Ears – Small to medium in size, V-shaped with rounded tips, set on at eye level, normally carried low, flat, and close to the head. Thankfully, the condition is easily treated once a diagnosis is made. These steadfast guardians usually exhibit a Zen-like calm, but they can quickly spring into action and move with grace and speed to meet a threat. The AKC has grouped all of the breeds that it registers into seven categories, or groups, roughly based on function and heritage. The Pyrenean is prone to developing what are commonly known as hot spots, discrete areas of skin that suddenly become inflamed, ulcerated and infected, with accompanying hair loss, pain, and self-mutilation. Females are usually 68–73 cm (27–31 in) tall, and weigh 48–55 kg (106–121 lb). This is a common cause of lameness in young large breed dogs, and is due to developmental abnormalities within the growing hip joints. Exhibiting a unique elegance of bearing and movement, his soundness and coordination show unmistakably the purpose for which he has been bred, the strenuous work of guarding the flocks in all kinds of weather on the steep mountain slopes of the Pyrenees. The rear legs are of sufficient bone and muscle to provide a balance with the frame. A Veterinarian's Review of the Raw Diet for Dogs, Brachycephalic Obstructive Airway Syndrome, Doggy Dental Care – How to Keep a Dogs Teeth in Good Condition, Travel Vaccinations & Preparing Your Dog for Foreign Travel. 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