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This worksheet is designed to: • Keep your learner engaged with a fun vampire theme • Introduce the compass rose and how to read it • Offer valuable practice with cardinal directions She or he will best know the preferred format. Terms of Service |  When doing physical activities with the cardinal directions, check to make sure that students do not equate north with "up" or south with "down.". Early geography education involves teaching children spatial awareness. If possible, have students use a compass to practice locating the cardinal directions north, south, east, and west. Sustainability Policy |  Code of Ethics. Join our community of educators and receive the latest information on National Geographic's resources for you and your students. Cardinal directions are the four main points of a compass and are: north, east, south, and west. Geography, Human Geography, Physical Geography. With students, walk to different places in the school, such as the cafeteria, playground, or gymnasium. For geographers, there are two main components of spatial aware: space and movement. Any interactives on this page can only be played while you are visiting our website. Teaching children (or anybody that wants to learn cardinal directions) can be made easy through to use of mnemonics. Discuss temperature differences at the Equator and the North and South Poles. Text on this page is printable and can be used according to our Terms of Service. Play an adaptation of the game “Simon Says.”Simon says: This activity targets the following skills: The resources are also available at the top of the page. One of the most fundamental orientation skills involves understanding the cardinal directions. Students learn how to use a geographic perspective by asking where and what as they explore the concepts of location and place with their classroom and school. If no button appears, you cannot download or save the media. At each place, have students turn to show what direction that place is from the classroom—north, south, east, or west. Caitlin Dempsey | October 22, 2020January 21, 2017 | Geography for Kids. These directions use the rising and setting of the sun as reference points. Elementary students can understand cardinal directions when they learn about them in a kid-friendly way. A mnemonic is a strategy of making memorization easier through the use of letters, words, or ideas. Laure Hunter, Carol A. Gersmehl, Co-Coordinator of the New York Geographic Alliance, Associate Director of the New York Center for Geographic Learning in the Geography Department at Hunter College, CUNY On the same day, students in Puerto Rico might wear shorts and short-sleeved shirts. You cannot download interactives. Show students a globe, pointing out the cardinal directions, the Poles, and the Equator. For information on user permissions, please read our Terms of Service. Have students think about differences in temperature depending on where people live. (horizontal), recognize the cardinal directions north, south, east, and west and understand where these are in their classroom, school, or on a map or globe, locate the Equator, the Poles, and the continents of North and South America on a map or globe, describe how temperatures are higher at the Equator and lower at the Poles. Tell students that this occurs because the Equator gets more sunshine year-round than the poles do. Cardinal directions are the four main points of a compass and are: north, east, south, and west. Ask: 5. Spatial awareness involves an understanding of space: is the tree in front or behind the boulder? fixed point that, along with the North Pole, forms the axis on which the Earth spins. Ask them to imagine their bodies represent a globe with the North Pole at their head and the South Pole at their feet. The silliness of the saying and the use of simple words makes this mnemonic easy for children to memorize. A mnemonic is a strategy of making memorization easier through the use of letters, words, or ideas. © 1996 - 2020 National Geographic Society. 1. Check students’ comprehension using maps and globes. The order of the words mimics the order in which the cardinal directions appear on a compass: North, South, East, and West. Washington, DC 20036, National Geographic Society is a 501 (c)(3) organization. fixed point that, along with the South Pole, forms the axis on which the Earth spins. 1145 17th Street NW Ask: Why would the students' clothes be so different on the same day? Knowing where north, south, east, and west are important for navigation and for describing the relative location of features. They can practice inside or outside. If you have questions about licensing content on this page, please contact ngimagecollection@natgeo.com for more information and to obtain a license. If a media asset is downloadable, a download button appears in the corner of the media viewer. These two components are important for navigating. Geography Awareness Week, Special thanks to Sarah Clark, National Geographic Communications and Daniel Beaupre and Andrew Pudvah, National Geographic Public Programs, adapted from National Geographic Geography Action! Explain to students that the directions extend beyond the four walls of the classroom. Students listen to a poem that uses cardinal directions. Then have students describe the location of objects in the classroom in terms of their direction. Before starting this activity, assemble the Americas Mega Map. The mnemonic is “Never Eat Soggy Waffles.”. Kim Hulse, National Geographic Society, Alice Manning, National Geographic Society Introduce young students to the concept of maps as representations of places with this classroom map. To learn the cardinal directions and the order in which they appear on a compass, the following mnemonic is effective. Students learn to identify cardinal directions using their own classroom, other locations in and near school, and maps and globes. The Poles, North and South, also provide directional reference points. Extend the concept outside of the classroom by walking to different places in the school. Teaching children (or anybody that wants to learn cardinal directions) can be made easy through to use of mnemonics. 3. This is a compass on a map of San Luis Obispo California. The first letter of each word is the same as the cardinal direction that it represents. Have students use a compass to practice finding the cardinal directions. Spatial awareness also involves an understanding of movement: are you walking towards or away from the mountain? If you have questions about how to cite anything on our website in your project or classroom presentation, please contact your teacher. This lists the logos of programs or partners of, National Geographic Education: Americas MapMaker Kit, Use your arms as latitude lines. These directions use the rising and setting of the sun as reference points. Program. This lists the logos of programs or partners of NG Education which have provided or contributed the content on this page. To teach kids cardinal directions, explain the relationship between the four directions and then let the kids explore find their way around using those directions. Because the Earth rotates from west to east, the sun appears to rise in the east and set in the west. Using a globe or one of the large maps of the Americas from the Americas MapMaker Kit, point out north, south, east and west. Ask: 2. Because the Earth rotates from west to east, the sun appears to rise in the east and set in the west. Michal LeVasseur, Ph.D., National Geographic Alliance Network Liaison, Geography Action! 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