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Paranoid schizophrenia is no longer recognized as its own condition. With medication, many symptoms of schizophrenia disappear. Once a diagnosis is made, a doctor will also be able to determine when the active phase is over based on symptoms and behaviors. 1. It affects about 1 percent of the population, although the condition’s exact prevalence is hard to obtain. Researchers believe these factors may contribute to developing schizophrenia: A diagnosis for schizophrenia is often first made in the active stage. Symptoms of the residual phase are said to include: It’s unclear why individuals develop schizophrenia. The median lifetime morbid risk for schizophrenia is 7.2 per 1000 people. Although it may seem like people suddenly develop the serious mental illness, known as schizophrenia, this simply isnt so. Schizophrenia is a chronic mental illness. Ideally, recovery with few or no residual symptoms has occurred. These mental health resources include: Most people with schizophrenia aren’t diagnosed until the second phase, once symptoms worsen and become more obvious. It appears that the incidence and prevalence of schizophrenia vary depending on race and geographic location. Cyclothymia, also known as cyclothymic disorder or Cyclothymic personality disorder, is a mental disorder that involves numerous periods of symptoms of depression and periods of symptoms of hypomania. Rather, paranoia is a symptom of schizophrenia. Here, learn more about the two conditions and when to see a doctor. Prodromal Phase 3. Though symptoms of active schizophrenia may seem to come on suddenly, the condition takes years to develop. Ultimately, these changes lead to schizophrenia. All rights reserved. The Premorbid Phase 2. Research identifies three phases of schizophrenia: prodromal, acute or active, and residual. Flashcards. Yet research suggests by the time a person is at this phase, they may have been showing symptoms of prodromal schizophrenia for approximately 2 years. Bipolar disorder and schizophrenia have some similarities, but there are key differences. Residual phase. But these aren’t as severe or disordered as the active phase. Each phase is marked by specific symptoms and signs. Think of it like spring: the symptoms are starting to show, but they are still 'baby' symptoms and aren't full-blown yet. Prodromal Phase: During the initial onset of schizophrenia, there are barely noticeable changes in the way a person thinks, feels and behaves. While the presence of symptoms must persist for a minimum of 6 months to meet the criteria for a schizophrenia diagnosis, it is not uncommon to have prodromal symptoms that precede the active phase of the disorder and residual symptoms that follow it. A severe mental condition in which there is disorganization of the personality, deterioration in social functioning, and loss of contact with, or distortion of reality, *Normal Functioning (although events can occur that contribute to the development of the subsequent illness), Refers to certain s/s that precede the characteristic manifestations of the acute, fully developed illness, *In the active phase of the d/o, psychotic symptoms are prominent, *Symptoms similar to those of the prodromal phase, Factors associated with a positive prognosis, *The cause of schizophrenia is still uncertain, *A growing body of knowledge indicates that genetics play a role in the development of schizophrenia, *One theory suggests that schizophrenia may be caused by an excess of dopamine activity in the brain, *Onset of symptom is usually before age 25 and the course is commonly Chronic, *Characterized by marked abnormalities in motor behavior and may be manifested in the form of stupor or excitement, *characterized by extreme psychomotor retardation, *Manifested by a state of extreme psychomotor agitation, *Characterized mainly by the presence of delusions of persecution or grandeur and auditory hallucinations R/T a single theme, *sometimes pts do not meet criteria for any of the subtypes or they may meet the criteria for more than one subtype, *Occurs in an individual who has a chronic form of the disease and is the stage that follows an acute phase (prominent delusions, hallucinations, incoherence, bizarre behavior, and violence, *Schizophrenic symptoms associated w/mood d/o, *Sudden onset of psychotic symptoms that may or may not be preceded by a severe psychosocial stressor, *Duration, including prodromal, active, and residual phases is at least 1 month but less than 6 months, *The existence of prominent, non-bizarre delusions, Psychotic Disorder due to General Medical Condition, *Essential features of this d/o are prominent hallucinations and delusions that can be directly attributed to a general medical conditon, *Essential features are the presence of prominent hallucinations and delusions that are judged to be directly attributable to the physiological delusions that are judged to be directly attributable to the physiological effects of a substance. 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