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RAND is nonprofit, nonpartisan, and committed to the public interest. Combatant command security cooperation planning was "SMARTer" than individual country objectives. These objectives include developing specific partner capabilities, building alliances and … SC uses a combination of programs and activities by which DOD, in coordination with To what extent do the security cooperation objectives used by U.S. European Command, U.S. Pacific Command, and U.S. Southern Command meet the SMART criteria of being specific, measurable, achievable, relevant and results-oriented, and time-bound? OSD should establish a security cooperation framework that links SMART objectives to assessment, monitoring, and evaluation processes and requirements at the strategic and country level. Creating SMART country objectives is not enough. The DAU/Defense Systems Management College-International (DSMC-I) faculty has developed four JSTs that are specifically designed to assist Program Management Offices (PMOs) and their supporting Integrated Product Team (IPT) personnel in the identification, assessment, development, negotiation, and implementation of Security Cooperation-related defense acquisition workforce efforts: - Our International Acquisition and Exportability (IA&E) Assessment JST and companion Acquisition Strategy – International Considerations JST focus on PMO/IPT level IAC, Security Assistance (FMS), and BPC-related planning and implementation efforts. Translating security cooperation goals into effective action is challenging, given the multitude of stakeholders, changing political and security environments, and resource limitations. Date Changes; December 6-12, 2020. BPC transactions are normally referred to as "pseudo-FMS cases". Most DoD Security Cooperation policy, organization, and activities (other than IAC) are led and managed by USD(Policy) rather than USD(Acquisition & Sustainment) and USD(Research & Engineering), but many U.S. Government/DoD Security Cooperation activities are implemented through USD(A&S), USD(R&E), and DoD Component acquisition-related IA&E efforts. History. The entire security cooperation planning system needs to follow a SMART approach, with different levels of detail linking broad end states to concrete tasks. The SMART concept has been used for several decades in the private sector to develop objectives that … This report is part of the RAND Corporation research report series. Objective: All defense security personnel that are in positions that require ... Security is a mission critical function of the Department of Defense (DoD). OSD and the Joint Staff should work with combatant commands to establish a common theater planning hierarchy for security cooperation objectives, with standard terminology and a standard SMART objective review process. It also proposes a systematic approach to developing security cooperation objectives for use by policymakers, planners, program managers, and resource managers. The 2018 National Defense Strategy elevated security cooperation in stressing the importance of "Strengthening alliances and attracting new partners." C1.1. How can U.S. Department of Defense security cooperation guidance and planning be improved? Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 10 or higher for the best experience. To what extent are current security cooperation objectives appropriately specified, aligned, prioritized, and measured? e. The Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA) administers the FMS program. to advance national policies and objectives. Combatant commands should integrate security cooperation elements of planning under a single authority. Manage bilateral and multilateral fora to promote international cooperative programs and facilitate DoD access to new technology; and. However, countervailing priorities in the current U.S. administration challenge this formulation. Theater engagement and theater security cooperation have been part of DOD’s lexicon for well over a decade. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation, 2016. https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR1430.html. DoD defines and validates requirements through the Joint Capabilities Integration and Development System (JCIDS) and develops technology, produces weapons systems, and provides logistics support though the Defense Acquisition System. Historically programs with a significant level of projec… The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. 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Rebecca Zimmerman, and Ariel Klein, Homeland Security Operational Analysis Center, Autonomous Vehicles and the Future of Auto Insurance, Command and Control in U.S. We determined whether the Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA)—Security Assistance Accounts (SAA) September 30, 2017, balance sheet was accurate and whether the DSCA and Defense Finance and Accounting Service (DFAS) implemented effective controls over financial reporting for the SAAs. DSCA-2 assessment, monitoring, and evaluation of security cooperation activities and continue to implement a workforce development program targeting all Department of Defense The NDAA did not identify from where within DOD’s budget such transfers would be derived but specified that the authority may only be used when foreign assistance programming is necessary for the effectiveness of DOD security cooperation and cannot be carried out by DOD. Ultimately, security cooperation funds improve the Department’s ability to promote global security FMS transactions are implemented through FMS Letters of Offer and Acceptance (LOAs), often referred to as "FMS cases." - Our International Cooperative Program (ICP) JST provides practical advice on how to identify IAC opportunities and establish/implement DoD Component ICPs from a PMO/IPT perspective. Security cooperation is a force multiplier for the Department of Defense, developing and fostering a network of partners and allies, as well as improving the effectiveness of those partnerships. How might they be revised to better meet the SMART criteria? Develop and oversee the implementation of defense policies on international cooperation in coordination with U.S. government agencies, foreign governments, and … This report evaluates DoD's effectiveness in developing SMART security cooperation objectives. How do stakeholders interpret security cooperation guidance, and do they find it sufficiently clear, detailed, and flexible? Definition and Purpose. In response to concerns raised by the security cooperation community and in an effort to support continuous process improvement within the FMS process, this memorandum revises the Security Assistance Management Manual (SAMM) to … The program is now overseen by the Defense Security Cooperation Agency through the Defense Security Cooperation University and the Institute for Security Governance. The RAND Corporation is a research organization that develops solutions to public policy challenges to help make communities throughout the world safer and more secure, healthier and more prosperous. The Defense Security Cooperation Agency . Upon request, DSMC-International is also available to provide Mission Assistance support on a space-available basis to DoD Component International Program Organizations (IPOs) and PMOs/IPTs involved in Sales and Transfers efforts. Responsibility and priority for developing country objectives differed by combatant command. DSCA leads the broader U.S. security cooperation enterprise in its efforts to train, educate, advise, and equip foreign partners. To help ensure that limited security cooperation resources are properly directed for greatest effect, the U.S. Department of Defense has highlighted the need to develop security cooperation objectives that are specific, measurable, achievable, relevant and results-oriented, and time-bound (SMART). The authors present a detailed evaluation of the extent to which the security cooperation objectives used by U.S. European Command, U.S. Pacific Command, and U.S. Southern Command meet the SMART criteria, and they recommend changes to improve DoD security cooperation guidance and planning. Assistant Policy Researcher, RAND; Ph.D. Student, Pardee RAND Graduate School, by Michael J. McNerney, Jefferson P. Marquis, S. Rebecca Zimmerman, Ariel Klein. DoD Directive 5132.03 provides DoD-wide policy and describes DoD organizational responsibilities regarding Security Cooperation activities. OSD and the Joint Staff should work with combatant commands to create a SMART security cooperation planning system centered around country plans. USG/DoD Security Cooperation efforts provide U.S.-origin defense equipment, logistics support, and training to our allies and friends around the globe in support USG/DoD national security and defense strategic objectives. Combatant command security cooperation planning could benefit from greater standardization. DoD Directive 5200.41E, “DoD Regional Centers for Security Studies,” June 30, 2016, states that the RCs support U.S. defense strategy objectives and policy priorities through: offering executive development, strategic security studies (to program participants), research, and outreach that foster long-term collaborative relationships; DSCA’s mission is to advance U.S. national security and foreign policy interests by building the capacity of foreign security forces to respond to shared challenges. Security cooperation enables the United States to deepen its global alliances and partnerships in pursuit of common security objectives. DAU does not charge DoD Components for faculty and staff time spent on Mission Assistance support efforts; it only asks that the organization requesting the assistance fund any travel or other incidental costs involved. Our goal is to advance this understanding throughout the Department of Defense, so that all personnel understand the role of gender in our operations … Subscribe to the weekly Policy Currents newsletter to receive updates on the issues that matter most. Defense Security Cooperation Agency Operation and Maintenance, Defense-Wide Fiscal Year (FY) 2021 Budget Estimates I. Drawing upon decades of experience, RAND provides research services, systematic analysis, and innovative thinking to a global clientele that includes government agencies, foundations, and private-sector firms. Upon request, DSMC-International is also available to provide, International Acquisition & Exportability (IA&E) Overview, International Acquisition Career Path (IACP), IA&E Job Support Tools (JSTs) and Lessons Learned, Ask a Question / Share an Idea (Login required). An overarching policy document, nested within DoD policies on acquisition (DoDD 5000.01) and security cooperation (DoDD 5132.03), is needed to articulate the policy objectives of IAC, outline processes that equitably integrate acquisition and international cooperation objectives, and clarify roles and responsibilities for involved stakeholders. Also available in print form. SC comprises all activities undertaken by the Department of Defense (DoD) to encourage and enable international partners to work with the United States to achieve strategic objectives. SC activities include transferring defense articles and services, military-to-military exercises, ministerial advising, and train and equip programs. Showed more-positive results incorporate the SMART concept more formally into security cooperation objectives SMART security cooperation planning could from! 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