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Required provider types for well newborn nurseries include pediatricians, family physicians, nurse practitioners, and other advanced practice registered nurses.[34]. [25], There are multiple ways to manage pain for infants. [citation needed], The problem of premature and congenitally ill infants is not a new one. Oxygen hood: This is a clear box that fits over the baby's head and supplies oxygen. [31], Also known as 'Neonatal Intensive Care Units' (NICU) - although Level 2 units may also have their own NICU. This type of care can be given at first referral units, district hospitals, teaching institutions and nursing homes. The fact that these babies missed early close contact with their mothers was a growing concern. [6], As with any registered nurse, local licensing or certifying bodies, as well as employers, may set requirements for continuing education.[6]. Protection from cold temperature, infection, noise, drafts and excess handling: Provide care for infants born ≥32-week gestation and weighing ≥1500 g who have physiologic immaturity or who are moderately ill with problems that are expected to resolve rapidly and are not anticipated to need subspecialty services on an urgent basis, Provide care for infants who are feeding and growing stronger or convalescing after intensive care, Provide mechanical ventilation for a brief duration (<24 h) or continuous positive airway pressure, Stabilize infants born before 32-week gestation and weighing less than 1500 g until transfer to a neonatal intensive-care facility, Level II nurseries are required to be managed and staffed by a pediatrician, however many Level II special care nurseries are staffed by, Provide comprehensive care for infants born <32 wks gestation and weighing <1500 g, Provide comprehensive care for infants born at all gestational ages and birth weights with critical illness, Provide prompt and readily available access to a full range of pediatric medical subspecialists, pediatric surgical specialists, pediatric anesthesiologists, and pediatric ophthalmologists, Provide a full range of respiratory support that may include conventional and/or high-frequency ventilation and inhaled nitric oxide, Perform advanced imaging, with interpretation on an urgent basis, including computed tomography, MRI, and echocardiography, Are located within an institution with the capability to provide surgical repair of complex congenital or acquired conditions, Maintain a full range of pediatric medical subspecialists, pediatric surgical subspecialists, and pediatric anesthesiologists at the site. 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