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Defluoridation of potable water by Nalgonda technique W. G. Nawlakhe and R. Paramasivam Fluoride, although beneficial when present in concentrations of 0.8-1.0 mg/l, has been associated with mottled enamel of teeth when present in potable waters in excess of 1.5 mg/l and skeletal fluorosis beyond 3 mg/l. Water defluoridation using nanofiltration vs. reverse osmosis: the first world unit, Thiadiaye (Senegal) ... Desalination and Water Treatment. Rapid defluoridation of drinking water by calcium carbonate nanoadsorbent: characterization, adsorption studies and application to real samples’ treatment. Fluoride in Drinking Water: A Review on the Status and Stress Effects. Volume 54, 2015 - Issue 8. Article. S. Ayoob et al. SUEZ's degremont® water handbook offers to water treatment professionals, fundamental concepts of water treatment processes and technologies as well as degremont® solutions applied to treatment line and adapted to each use of water. Volume 36, 2006 - Issue 6. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology. Economical - annual cost of defluoridation (1991 basis) of water at 40 lpcd works out to Rs.20/- for domestic treatment and Rs.85/- for community treatment using fill and draw system based on 5000 population for water with 5 mg/L and 400 mg/L alkalinity which requires 600 mg/L alum dose. Published online: 14 Mar 2014. While defluoridation is often implemented in developed countries in centralised, high-tech water treatment plants, low-cost defluoridation techniques can be implemented at a point-of-use domestic level as the This is followed by a chapter on water quality testing for defluoridation plants. defluoridation in water treatment Mohammad Mahdi Emamjomeh University of Wollongong Research Online is the open access institutional repository for the University of Wollongong. Activated Alumina process is one of the widely used adsorption methods for the defluoridation of drinking water. The Nalgonda technique involves the addition of alum, lime and bleaching powder followed by rapid mixing, flocculation, sedimentation, filtration and disinfection. Since many areas in the world do not have the resources to have centralized water treatment systems or expensive technology to defluoridate water, there is a need for an onsite defluoridation system that is inexpensive, doesn't involve hazardous materials, uses materials that are readily accessible, and is maintainable by users. In regions where drinking water contains excessive levels of fluoride, a range of options are available for reducing fluoride levels. Water Supply 2020 , 20 (2) , 667-678.

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